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Occupational stress and job demand, control and support factors among construction project consultants

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This article investigates the relationship between job demands, job control, workplace support factors and occupational stress among South African construction project consultants.

Keywords

  • Occupational stress
  • Stressors

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What does the paper cover?

The construction industry is well-known for work-related stress.

The causes are due to the project-driven nature of the industry and the work pressure, including long working hours that this entails. The conclusion is that occupational stress is getting worse. Previous studies have focused mainly on single professional groups in industrialised countries.

This study extends those studies by investigating occupational stress among multi-disciplinary professionals in a developing economy, South Africa. The study was conducted in the context of 13 factors, identified in the commonly used ‘Job Demands Control’ (JDC) and ‘Job Demands Control-Support’ (JDC-S) theories.

Job demand factors:

  • Working to tight deadlines
  • Working long hours
  • Work-life imbalance
  • Needing to ‘prove’ oneself
  • Hours worked per week

Job control factors:

  • Assignment of tasks
  • Pace of work
  • Work environment
  • Responsibility/authority balance

Job support factors:

  • Line manager makes life easier at work
  • Line manager provides support in difficult situations
  • Colleagues make life easier at work
  • Colleagues give support in difficult situations

 

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