Save for later

Favourite

Major differences between project scope and objectives

Taken from the APM Body of Knowledge, 6th edition:

Definition 

Scope: The totality of outputs, outcomes and benefits and the work required to produce them. 

Objectives: Predetermined results towards which effort is directed. Objectives may be defined in terms of outputs, outcomes and/or benefits. 

General 

Scope comprises the totality of the outputs, outcomes and benefits and the work required to produce them. It is the scope of work that is the deciding factor as to whether it will be managed as a project, programme or portfolio.

The way in which scope is managed depends upon two things; the nature of the objectives (outputs, benefits or strategic) and the definability of the objectives.

The scope of a project will typically include outputs, but may be extended to cover benefits. 

Objectives may be expressed in terms of outputs (such as a new HQ building), outcomes (such as staff being relocated from multiple locations to the new HQ), benefits (such as reduced travel and facilities management costs) or strategic objectives (such as doubling the organisation’s share price in three years).

Where the objective is well understood and has a tangible output (e.g. in construction and engineering) it is usual to define the scope as accurately as possible at the beginning of the life cycle.

Where the objective is less tangible, or subject to significant change e.g. business change or some IT systems, a more flexible approach to scope is needed. This requires a careful approach to avoid escalating costs.

Posted in Objectives

Recommended blogs

How to run interactive benefits management workshops in the ‘new normal’

27 July 2020

Lockdown is easing, but for those who are usually office-based, the guidance is that we will be working from home for some time. So what does this mean for those of us responsible for benefits management?

Save for later

Favourite

Vaccine project management – a race against time

17 June 2020

The urgency to find a coronavirus vaccine is compressing years of research into weeks for these life-saving projects, writes Rachael Pells

Save for later

Favourite

Recommended news

Event

The benefits of benefits and value management – why we do stuff webinar

26 March 2020

Benefits feature prominently in business cases and gateway reviews, but do they happen in reality? And why does anyone care?

Save for later

Favourite

Event

Focus group: call for Programme Management Practitioners

16 March 2020

A key role of the APM Specific Interest Group is to connect practitioners and facilitate the development and sharing of knowledge. We are seeking Programme Management Practitioners to volunteer to participate in a Focus group that will engage and advise on the development of Programme Management good practice.

Save for later

Favourite

Join APM

Sign up to the APM Newsletter.