BoK7: So how has the BoK structure changed?

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Those of you who followed the series of blogs that ran alongside the initial consultation on the structure and content of the APM Body of Knowledge 7th edition will appreciate that as an editorial team we are committed to delivering a body of knowledge that describes projects, programmes and portfolios and how they contribute to organisational value in a usable way. Specifically we recognise that there are multiple options for progressing from start to end of an investment in change – from more traditional, linear and deliberate progression from A to B to structures that deal more effectively with iterative and adaptive approaches, and emergent change.

A revised BoK structure is available for you to look at on the consultation pages – so you can see how the editorial team* has listened to feedback and changed the structure to give appropriate weight to all topics.

Hopefully you’ll be able to see how we have...:
  • Positioned project-based working (as individual projects or as projects and other operational work within programmes and portfolios) in the organisational context.
  • Clarified different ways that the accomplishment of organisational change through projects can be governed, shaped, funded, assured, delivered – right through to the realisation of the desired benefits by the investing organisation.
  • Focused on people and behaviours and the skills needed to engage stakeholders, lead teams, negotiate deals whether formal or informal and resolve conflicts.
  • Addressed the linear/deliberate and iterative/adaptive variants of core planning and monitoring elements for projects.

Each topic in the structure will have a two-page spread in the APM Body of Knowledge 7th edition – so approximately 400 words plus a diagram and pointers for further reading.  That’s why big and important aspects of our profession, like value, benefits, knowledge, risk, contracts and procurement, governance, assurance, people, etc, don’t have one topic, but are featured in multiple topics throughout the structure.

We’ll have even more detail for detailed review by members and volunteers by early September but we’d encourage you to take a look at where we are up to, and of course, let us know your thoughts. Email us on

*The editorial team comprises:

Scott Walkinshaw – APM Head of Knowledge

James Simons – APM Publishing Manager

Ruth Murray-Webster – Editor

Darren Dalcher – Academic Advisor and part of the writing team

Charles Mills, Dale Shermon, Tayyab Jamil and Phil Bradbury – all experienced practitioners and part of the writing team

Learn more about the editorial team.

View the progress report


Ruth Murray-Webster

Posted by Ruth Murray-Webster on 19th Jul 2018

About the Author

Ruth is a Director of Potentiality UK providing leading-edge risk and change consultancy services to clients across sectors. Ruth was formerly Director of Change Portfolio at Associated British Ports; Director of the Risk in the Boardroom practice for KPMG LLP and 10 years as a Director of Lucidus Consulting Ltd. Her work on risk appetite and risk attitude with David Hillson is widely published. Her doctoral research focused on the accomplishment of planned change from the perspective of the recipients of change rather than change agents. Ruth was awarded Honorary Fellowship of APM in 2013 for her contributions to risk and change.

Ruth was Editor of the 7th edition of the APM Body of Knowledge and is a member of the APM Professional Standards and Knowledge Committee.

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