People and behaviours in project management
This is the 4th in a series of posts about the basics of project management for novice project managers.
When I wrote the first of these blog posts back in May there was one comment that stuck in my mind and made me resolve to write from a different perspective, at least for some of the blogs, so that novice project managers don't get the idea that project management is all about processes and not about the people and their behaviours.
It is easy to fall into the trap of thinking process is everything, especially if you take over a role in an environment with a well-established set of processes; it is even easier to follow a well-trodden route when you are new to a job. But processes, whilst important if they are the right processes, are only part of the story of successful project management. So my thanks go to Adrian Pyne for steering my thoughts in a different direction.
So what else is important in project management apart from processes? The people, of course, but more specifically how the people behave; and that means the team members, stakeholders and the project manager.
Successful project managers do not interact with people only when a process demands they do, but build relationships with everyone involved on the project; whether that is by the coffee machine or in a more formal setting. They don't just listen to the voices of their team members but actively seek their opinions and ideas. This can be a challenge when team members are not all based in the same location (or even country).
There are so many elements of human nature that can either have a positive or negative effect on a project's outcome that it is important to handle them properly. For instance, resistance to change or people conscripted unwillingly to work on a project – these issues cannot be assigned tasks on the schedule but will surely have a negative effect if not dealt with effectively. Equally, excitement about using some new technology and enthusiasm from team members glad to have been assigned to a project will go a long way to contributing to a successful outcome even when other elements of the project are far from ideal.
So, if you find yourself in a new project management role don't spend all your time trying to get to grips with the processes. When you are communicating don't just follow a plan but get to really know the people and help everyone to see and understand the project vision.
We often think the right sort of communication is the most important of the soft skills a project manager needs; as much about listening to people's ideas and opinions and understanding their concerns as reporting project status accurately. It is about creating a team environment where everyone feels their opinion is valued and where honest discussion is encouraged. But effective communication is not the only soft skill required by a project manager – there are many others such as handling conflicts and being flexible to changing needs but maybe more on that another time.
Other blogs in this series:
- Project management – an introduction
- Project management processes and phases
- Business requirements and project managers
- Using a Gantt Chart to manage a project schedule
- Project managers don't forget about behaviours and attitudes
- The basics of an effective project plan
This is a project management fundamentals blog written and sponsored by Parallel Project Training. For more about our project management training courses visit our website or visit Paul Naybour on Google+.